Cannabinoid Distillates, What’s All The Craze For?
Let’s imagine that every bottle of your favorite beer smelled and tasted markedly different. Additionally, its alcohol content is different in each bottle you buy. As you can appreciate, it would not be your favorite beer very long.
Consistency in the quality of the product is an essential aspect of building, growing, and maintaining a successful brand.
However, in the cannabis industry, it is challenging to achieve consistency. The makeup and qualities of cannabis are unpredictable and inconsistent as their growth and development are natural processes. The smell, taste, and CBD/THC potency will vary wildly depending on the strain in question and the strain evolution that has taken place. Unfortunately, the unpredictability and inconsistency will end up in the final product, which is not desirable from the consumer standpoint.
One way of getting more consistent and predictable properties in the end product is to isolate and extract the CBD and the THC and infuse these extracts into cannabis products. Distillation makes this possible.
The Basics: Understanding Cannabis Distillation
Cannabis distillation is an advanced extraction process applied right after the solvent-based extraction process.
Practically speaking, you have to extract the raw oil (also known as “crude” oil) from the harvested cannabis plant. The PX1 and PXP systems and methods are used at this stage. The typical yield will have an oil with a THC/CBD contrition ranging from 60% to 80% depending on various factors.
Aside from CBD and THC, the crude oil will also have terpenes which are responsible for the taste and odor of the oil. The oil will also have a wide variety of antioxidants, vitamins, and other beneficial substances.
To further purify the crude cannabis oil, the distillation process is used. Specialized commercial distillation equipment, for instance, the CDU 1000 carry out the distillation process. Through the distillation process, cannabis producers and processors isolate the THC and CBD compounds, thereby producing the distillate (or the refined) typically, with a purity level of over 90%.
The remaining portion of the oil – the terpenes, will not have too much of a significant effect on the potency, flavor, and smell of the oil. Moreover, by targeting CBD and THC, you can tightly control the taste and smell of the products by merely adding the terpenes needed after that.
How Cannabis Distillation Works
The distillation process works by heating a solution to the temperature where it evaporates without destroying the constituent compounds. After that, the vapors are condensed back to liquid form.
To understand this process consider water. When you heat water to 212°F (100°C), the water molecules will evaporate, leaving behind the dissolved solvent. However, when you cool the water vapor rapidly, it condenses back to water. This process effectively separates the water from any dissolved substance it had.
Cannabis distillation uses the same principle. Typically, the apparatus used for this process is the short-path distillation unit.
The short-distillation unit consists of the boiling flask, the condensing head, and finally the collection flask. The cannabis extract is placed in the boiling flask and heated. The CBD/THC vapor rises to the condensing head, where it condensed back to liquid form. Upon turning back to liquid form, it is collected in the collection flask. You end up with a CBD and THC distillate.
Why Is CBD/THC Distillation Important For Your Business?
Using the cannabis distillation process, you can isolate CBD and THC regardless of the quality of the plant material that you use. As such, as a processor, you can purchase a large volume of help and cannabis plants that are otherwise low-quality for other uses. In distilling the biomass, you end up with a consistent, highly potent, and high-quality distillate.*
The CBD and THC distillate can after that be infused in a wide variety of products such as vape pens, pills, edibles, and topical creams. You can infuse flavor and smell in a precise and controlled manner. As such, you produce consistent, predictable, and consumable products with regards to its aroma, potency, and flavor.
Therefore, you can use distillation as a means to create, grow, and maintain a reputable brand known for producing consistent products.